The Commons, Poverty and Social Exclusion

This sub-theme may cover questions such as:

  • What are the current challenges to Commons both from the perspective of ecological functions and rights of local communities over such resources?
  • To what extent are frameworks like the ecosystem approach able to highlight links between the various functions and services provided by Commons (resources)? How critical are such functions, services and interdependencies with other production systems, in providing a safety net to the poor?
  • What is the interrelationship between the ecological services /products, the dependent communities in shaping the institutional processes for management of Commons and how do they fare in providing safety net to the poor?
  • Analyse the status of socially marginalized groups with respect to their access to benefits from Commons. Discuss social exclusion in general, and gender, caste and untouchability-based exclusion and discrimination in particular, since these are seen as causative factors for the deprivation of such groups.
  • Estimating the value of benefits from Commons, with specific emphasis on the benefits to the poor. The authors may also discuss the importance of access to Commons in terms of dignity, empowerment, equity, participation, inclusion etc for the poor and marginalized sections.