Governance of the Commons: Decentralization, Property Rights, Legal Framework, Structure and Organization

This sub-theme may cover such topics as:

  • The integration of customary practice/law and statutory law and the inclusion/exclusion of ground level regimes of access and entitlements to common property resources; Traditional authority, equity and gender considerations and their reform in accordance with contemporary ethos, policies and laws. 
  • Impacts of State and National laws and policies on natural resources managed as CPRs; what are the gaps in polices and laws required to create and/or protect property rights? What types of rights are important? How is ‘ownership’ established?
  • Planning from community to regional scales - What have we learned about planning processes/mechanisms, institutions and administrative structures.
  • What are the emerging forms and designs of local self-governance institutions? What are the efforts on establishing and strengthening collective action by local community initiatives, involvement of different stakeholders, enabling administrative apparatus and policy initiatives? How are these emerging in the midst of privatization and centralization of government control on natural resources? 
  • Case studies of tenure over natural resources; and policy reforms on decentralization, affecting CPRs, and implications for theory and policy.
  • What are institutional and administrative innovations to manage collective resources at local, national, regional and international levels? How do decisions and structures at different levels of governance impact at the local level both the Commons and the dependent communities?
  • How do customary Commons institutions react to changing paradigms of development? Examples of pastoralism as against sedentary animal husbandry, wetlands conservation/ ports and fishing rights, protected areas and traditional hunting practices.